潺槁树Litsea glutinosa系樟科（Lauraceae）木姜子属Litsea Lam.植物，主要分布于热带和亚热带地区。潺槁树在我国为民间常用药物，具有治疗糖尿病、抗炎、抗菌等多种药理活性。目前从潺槁树中分离得到黄酮类、生物碱、木脂素类等50余种成分，其中生物碱类成分为其特征性成分。首次综述潺槁树的化学成分及其药理活性的研究进展，潺槁树药理活性显著，但鲜见对其作用机制的研究。随着现代分离分析技术及分子生物学技术的飞速发展，潺槁树药理活性及其作用机制研究将是今后研究的主要方向。
Litsea glutinosa, belonging to family Lauraceae, is widely distributed in subtropical and tropical regions. L. glutinosa was used to cure many diseases as folk medicine in China. It has proved that the plant showed anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial activities. So far, more than 50 compounds including flavonoids, alkaloids, and lignans have been isolated from this plant. Alkaloids were deemed as its characteristic constituents. This review summarized the biological activities and chemical constituents of L. glutinosa for the first time. Based on these collected information, we pointed out that little information was found related to the potential mechanism of the biological effects. Moreover, there were few reports regarding the biological evaluation of the isolated compounds. As the development of new technique in isolation and biochemistry, close attention should be paid to biological evaluation and potential mechanism.