The chemical constituents of Atalantia buxifolia which was one of the plants in Atalantia Corr., family Rutaceae mainly contains volatile oil, limonin, alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, and so on. A. buxifolia’s application for medicinal purposes has a long history, modern research suggests that A. buxifolia has many pharmacological effects such as reducing phlegm, anti-cough, relieving asthma. It is used to treat acute and chronic tracheitis with desired clinical results in Guangdong, Hainan, and some other places. It has a great value and good prospect in development and utilization. In this paper, the general situation of the study on A. buxifolia in chemical constituents and pharmacology activity has been reviewed based on a lot of literature searches both at home and abroad.